Coastal area of Lake Nakaumi (Shimane Prefecture and Tottori Prefecture) Distant view of Katmandu (Nepal) Upper stream of river flowing into Lake Bukit Merah (Malaysia)

The theme, “governance”, is a widely recognized research subject in many traditional disciplinary fields. This project benefits from a number of contributing researchers from multiple disciplinary fields. Over the duration of this project, the following research topics are being pursued by the participating disciplinary researchers from Shiga University:

Exploratory Research on the Possibility of Applying the Integrated Catchment Management (ICM) concept and the market-based water-right transfers
  For the water quality management of Lake Biwa, for which the conventional top-down method appears to be inadequate, the applicability of the integrated basin management method developed in Australia to Japan is verified, and the possibility of applying policies concerning basin governance and personnel development to Lake Biwa is examined.
Results obtained in FY 2008-2009
Final report of FY 2010
Improvement of lake basin governance through environmental education in mountain villages at the upper stream of the Mekong River
  Conservation of the water environment, as well as social and environmental cooperation and networks achieved by mountain tribes at the upper stream of the Mekong through the environmental education of young people, are verified.
Results obtained in FY 2008-2009
Final report of FY 2010
Analysis of historical information on the changes in reed-bed area of a coastal village along Lake Biwa
  With regard to changes in the waterside environment of Lake Biwa, a goal is the creation of an historical-geographical method, by which the reed-bed area in past years can be estimated quantitatively from historical data, including drawings and documents, and the possibility of analyzing the waterside environment and landscape is examined.
Results obtained in FY 2008-2009
Final report of FY 2010
Examination of the legal framework for lake basin management: Analysis of the Japanese literature
  As an initiation of comprehensive research on lake basin management and governance problems on the basis of a legal perspective, the legal framework for lake basin management is examined. Problems concerning the new river administration of Japan also are taken into consideration, as well as reference to systems and cases related to lake basin management in foreign countries.
Results obtained in FY 2008-2009
Final report of FY 2010
Identification of the information sources for lake basin management in the USA and their application to developing country case studies
  On the basis of activities on lake basin management in the USA, an advanced country in regard to lake basin governance, the following subjects are examined: (a) establishment of long-term organizations and systems in central and local governments, and cooperation among public- and private-sector organizations; (b) roles of resident movements, NGOs, and community-based organizations (CBOs) with respect problems concerning the lake environment; and (c) understanding the actual contributions of universities and research organizations to development of the lake basin kinetic model, and collection of information on such models as EPA-BASINS, SWAT, and HSPF, which exhibit many achievements in explication of lake basin kinetics, including analysis of Laguna de Bay in the Philippines as a case study.
Results obtained in FY 2008-2009
Final report of FY 2010

The Dry Season Water Use and Food Staples in the Lowland Part of Laos

  Results obtained in FY 2008-2009
Final report of FY 2010

The “Cradle Paddy Field Project” in the Koto District of Lake Biwa-focusing on the Community Ecosystem Memory serving for the Environmental Citizenship Movement

  Results obtained in FY 2008-2009
Final report of FY 2010
An ILBM Diagnostic Analysis of the Lake Biwa-Yodo River Basin: the Key Lessons
  Results obtained in FY 2008-2009
Final report of FY 2010

The major themes of research are: for (1) above, the applicability of the integrated catchment management approach evolved in Australia to basin management of Lake Biwa; for (2) above, the use of environmental education as a means of influencing the older generations to increase inter-village cooperation for basin resource conservation and environmental rehabilitation among the mountain tribal communities in Thailand’s upper Mekong River basin region; for (3) above, the application of a historical geography research methodology to assess changes in the extent of reed-bed area, or the common property resource of Lake Biwa lost over time; for (4) above, the legal and legislative issues in river basin management in Japan and overseas; for (5) above, the application of various modeling tools, in collaboration with research groups in USA, to analyze the climate change impacts on soil properties and vegetation types in the Laguna Lake watershed in the Philippines; for (6) above, the analysis of relationship between the food staples and the ambient environments in Lao villages, both in monsoon and in dry seasons, with due reflection on the basin governance perspectives; for (7) above, the importance of the collective community memory serving as a common objective to carry forward the environmental enhancement goal, found to have been quite influential in the Lake Biwa region over the past decades and possibly applicable also in China; and for (8) above, an exploratory attempt to make a diagnostic analysis of the highly intricate set of governance issues pertaining to the upstream-downstream conflicts with regard to ecosystem sustainability in the Lake Biwa ? Yodo River Basin.

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