Shiga University Research Center for Sustainability and Environment in collaboration with International Lake Environment Committee (ILEC) and the Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Shiga Prefecture, Japan

The overseas lake basins selected for studying governance issues and challenges include the following:

South Asia
India: Lake Hussain Sagar (Hyderabad) and Pune River and Ujjani Reservoir (Pune)
Nepal: Lakes Phewa, Rupa, and Begnas (Katmandu and Pokara)

Southeast Asia
Philippines: Laguna de Bay (south of Metropolitan Manila)
Malaysia: Lakes Putrajaya, Chini, and Bukit Merah (Peninsula Malaysia)
Europe: Lake Constance (Germany, Austria, Switzerland); Lakes Ladoga, Peipsi /Chudskoe, and Ilmen (St. Petersburg, Pskov, and Novgorod, Russia)
Latin America: Lago de Chapala (Ajijic, Mexico)
There are several commonalities and differences in lake basin governance among these lakes:

  1. Where plans and policies for lake basin management are at very early stage of development and the governance issues and challenges will have to be identified and appropriately pursued, ILBM is expected to play a major role facilitating the process of national, regional as well as local strategy development (lake basins in Malaysia and Nepal);
  2. Where plans and policies for lake basin management exist in some form, particularly with regard to improvement of water quality and ecosystem integrity, but where the overall policy framework for lake basin governance is still inadequate, ILBM is expected to play a major role in addressing the issues and challenges facing specific lake basin cases (lake basins in India, northwestern Russia, and Mexico);
  3. Where plans and policies for lake basin management exist with legal, institutional and financial facilitation at some level, but where the overall lake basin governance has not yet been attained to the level of adequacy to meet the emerging issues and challenges, ILBM will continue to be instrumental in facilitating the process of attainment (Laguna de Bay, Philippines).

To enrich our understanding of lake basin governance, cross-cutting analysis must be made on a wide range of issues and challenges, including those imbedded in the above cases of commonalities and differences. Development of a broad-based knowledge base is indispensable for this purpose. In addition to the already-documented knowledge base on lake basin governance, new knowledge, data and information must be actively sought through application of the Guidelines for Preparation of a Lake Brief. 

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